On 9 May 1921, Sophie Scholl was born in Forchtenberg in Germany which become a symbol of hope for many peace lovers; you probably don’t know her as the best resistance fighter, but her tale was an inspiring one.
She was an essential member of the famous resistance group run by students called Weiße Rose (White Rose) at the University of Munich, who was involved in distributing leaflets and used graffiti to denounce Nazi crimes and the political system while calling for a strike against the Nazi state and the war. She was beheaded on February 22, 1943, after being accused of treason at just 21 years old.
When the Nazis were coming into power in January 1933, along with her siblings, Sophie was a rejoiced and convinced follower of the National Socialist cult of youth.
Being raised in the Lutheran church, she entered junior school at the young age of just seven, learning quickly, she was having a carefree childhood. After a few years, in 1930, the family decided to move to Ludwigsburg and then two years later to Ulm, and after that, her father started a business consulting office.
By that time, she was well aware of the conflicting political views of her anti-nazi father, close friends, and teachers. Even her brother Hans, who once actively participated in the Hitler Youth program, turning out to be altogether bewildered with the Nazi Party.
Political attitude has become a basic model in her selection of friends. The arrest of her siblings and companions in 1937 for joining in the German Youth Movement has a strong impression on her.
On September 1, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland and two days later, War was being declared by France and Britain on Germany. Her older brothers were assigned to fight on the front.
During this phase, Scholl got to know about the White Rose pamphlet when she saw one at university. She realized her brother helped write the pamphlet, Huh? She was fascinated. Scholl herself begins to work on the White Rose.
With the joining of Scholl, The group was now feeling empowered and confident. Apparently their activism was working, confusing the authorities, and sparking debates amongst their peers. This well-organized group now thought of setting up even more associations with other undercover resistance groups. Considering Germany’s political circumstance in January of 1943, Sophie and the White Rose individuals believed a revolution in the nation was unavoidable.
After becoming an essential member of the White Rose, she started to distribute pamphlets and utilized spray painting to highlight the Nazi violations and the political framework while calling for resistance from the Nazi state war.
The group’s core members now include Hans Scholl (Sophie’s brother), Willi Graf, Christoph Probst, and Alexander Schmorell. All things considered, when she found them, she went along with him and demonstrated significant to the gathering in light of the fact that, as a lady, her odds of being unexpectedly interrogated by the SS were thin. Great Idea? Naming themselves the White Rose, they trained Germans to oppose the Nazi government passively. Using both Biblical and philosophical the flyer helped for a scholarly contention of opposition. Notwithstanding initiation and insurance, Scholl was now helping in duplicating, appropriate, and mail handouts while likewise dealing with the white rose funds.
With six main members, further three more White Rose leaflets were created and circulated over 1942.
Its 18 February 1943 and The Scholls brought a bag brimming with pamphlets to the college fundamental structure. They hastily dropped heaps of duplicates in the unfilled passageways for understudies to discover when they left the talk rooms. Leaving before the talks had finished, the Scholls saw some left-over duplicates in the bag and chose to convey them. Sophie flung the final handouts from the highest level down into the chamber. This unconstrained activity was seen by the college janitor, Jakob Schmid. Hans and Sophie Scholl were taken into Gestapo custody.
Another pamphlet was still in Hans’ bag, which resulted in Christoph Probst’s arrest the same day.
The three went through a trial after exhausting and vigorous interrogations. They decided to take all blame of the White Rose’s actions to save their friends from consequences but failed in the end. Four days later, On February 22, 1943, she was beheaded for the charge of conspiracy at only 21 years of age after having been found conveying hostile to war pamphlets at the University of Munich (LMU) with her sibling, Hans.
Willi Graf, Alexander Schmorell, and Kurt Huber were captured later in the month and put to death.
That escalated quickly, right? Since the 1970s, Scholl has been widely honored for her opposition to Nazi obstruction work.
Before Judge Roland Freisler, In the People’s on 21 February 1943, Scholl was observed as saying these remarkable words:
“Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said was also believed by many others. They don’t dare express themselves as we did.”
Her last words were:
“Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go… What does my death matter, if through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?”